To make a large city like Mumbai ‘smart” there has to be a well thought out plan which is based on ground realities. Based on the smart city concept released by the Ministry of Urban Development, GoI and Mumbai’s geography which is based on “retrofitting” or “redevelopment” apart from other relevant city initiatives the path forward has been proposed. Some known problems of the city include public transport, traffic, parking, security, storm water drainage, affordable housing and air pollution, among others.
Mumbai primarily relies on sub-urban trains, BEST bus service and the newly introduced Mono Rail.
One of the challenges is lack of “Integration of all the transport modes”. This problem can be addressed by implementing “Multi Modal Ticketing Solution” which will enable a passenger to seamlessly use all the modes of transport using a single mobility card.
The average speed of vehicular movement in Mumbai city is around 12 km/hour.
Few key factors which slows down traffic movement is driving indiscipline and the road conditions apart from vehicle population.
By using cameras supported with video analytics, vehicle number plates of offenders can be captured on a real time basis and fined. This can be a deterrent and bring down traffic violations. The road condition and the vehicular speed can be monitored through crowd sourcing “App” using smart phones of all road users on a real time basis. This information can be a useful source of information for the authorities to take timely and corrective actions.
Considering the parking menace faced in Mumbai, it is important to construct multi-level parking which are equipped with technology solutions that provide real-time information to the users about availability of exact location of parking slot which can be booked in advance against payment.
The parking lots to be integrated on a common platform and the information can be made available on a smart phone.
Considering the vulnerability of big Indian cities security assumes high importance. Apart from city wide video surveillance other important safety solutions needed are Intelligent Fire Alarm & Suppression; Public Address and Emergency Evacuation System. For disaster management it’s important to have a Radio Despatch solution which is a very important communication solution to coordinate and regulate emergency relief & evacuation operations by various services provider like police, medical, fire etc.
The air pollution levels in Mumbai are a matter of concern which affects the health of its citizens. Unfortunately the lack of accurate, cost effective, real time air quality information leaves city official with little data and inadequate resources to quantitatively tackle this pressing problem.
Major advance in sensor technology fuelled by IoT based solutions have brought game changing improvements to the pollution monitoring table:
- Improved, real-time data accuracy
- Time and location based trend analysis
- Easy to use data gathering tools
- In-depth back-end analytics
- Low cost implementation
As a technology company, Bosch is able to offer some of the above technology solutions which can help in realizing the ambition of making Mumbai as a Smart City.
Published in Times of India (December, 2015)